Am rique latine les espoirs d us
L’Amérique latine incarnait hier une démocratisation politique irrépressible, une tension des sociétés vers la réduction de violentes inégalités, l’insertion croissante dans une économie mondialisée. Le rêve se défait. Au Brésil, l’expérience du Parti des Travailleurs butte sur des inégalités persistantes, une croissance qui marque le pas, un système politique décrédibilisé. L’Argentine a, elle, fait l’expérience de deux mandats « kirchnéristes », difficiles à analyser, et dont la postérité apparaît incertaine. Quant à la Colombie ou au Mexique, les logiques de sortie des violences des rébellions ou du narcotrafic y apparaissent toujours aussi complexes, voire dangereuses. L’Amérique latine témoigne-t-elle désormais d’autre chose que de sa diversité, de son échec provisoire à consolider ses propres choix démocratiques ? Crise de l’Europe comme continent, crise du processus de construction européenne, crise des institutions de l’Union européenne : l’espérance européenne lutte pour sa survie. Guy Verhofstadt et Dominique Moïsi réfléchissent dans ce numéro aux chemins qui restent ouverts : faut-il aux Européens un saut fédéraliste ou un renforcement des Nations ? Faut-il aller de l’avant au risque d’une rupture entre opinions et institutions ? Faut-il plus écouter les Nations au risque de dérapages nationalistes ? Les mois qui viennent et la négociation sur le Brexit nous en diront plus, mais l’heure est sans nul doute aux débats décisifs.
Le Hamas et le monde 2006 2015
Leila Seurat A été écrit sous une forme ou une autre pendant la plus grande partie de sa vie. Vous pouvez trouver autant d'inspiration de Le Hamas et le monde 2006 2015 Aussi informatif et amusant. Cliquez sur le bouton TÉLÉCHARGER ou Lire en ligne pour obtenir gratuitement le livre de titre $ gratuitement.
G ographie militaire et g ostrat gie 2e dition
Sous l’effet de la mondialisation et de l’accélération des échanges, une nouvelle géographie des rivalités et des tensions s’est dessinée depuis la fin de l’antagonisme des blocs. Les conflits, moins nombreux, sont désormais d’une tout autre nature (terrorisme international, tensions pour la maîtrise des ressources énergétiques, prolifération nucléaire...) et bouleversent profondément l’équilibre sécuritaire et militaire mondial. Pour mesurer l’ampleur de ces mutations, cet ouvrage présente un état des lieux et une analyse claire des grandes dynamiques actuelles : croissance des dépenses militaires mondiales, développement de l’intelligence économique comme arme stratégique ; limites de l’hyperpuissance américaine, reconstruction de puissances militaires vieillissantes (Russie), émergence de nouveaux acteurs stratégiques (Chine, Inde) et de nouvelles formes de menaces (terrorisme à revendication étatique, cyberguerres, armes de destruction massive), multiplication de zones de tension et de chaos échappant à tout contrôle international... Appuyée sur les données chiffrées les plus récentes, cette édition entièrement revue et augmentée offre une grille de lecture indispensable pour comprendre le nouvel ordre mondial, dans un environnement géostratégique toujours plus complexe.
Saudi Arabia in Transition
Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics.
The Arabs at War in Afghanistan
A former senior mujahidin figure and an ex-counter-terrorism analyst cooperating to write a book on the history and legacy of Arab-Afghan fighters in Afghanistan is a remarkable and improbable undertaking. Yet this is what Mustafa Hamid, aka Abu Walid al-Masri, and Leah Farrall have achieved with the publication of their ground-breaking work. The result of thousands of hours of discussions over several years, The Arabs at War in Afghanistan offers significant new insights into the history of many of today's militant Salafi groups and movements. By revealing the real origins of the Taliban and al-Qaeda and the jostling among the various jihadi groups, this account not only challenges conventional wisdom, but also raises uncomfortable questions as to how events from this important period have been so badly misconstrued.
Stephane Hessel, Resistance fighter and concentration-camp survivor, tells the young of today that their lives and liberties are worth fighting for. Remembering the ideals for which he risked his life, while never forgetting the evils against which he struggled, the now 93-year-old writer and diplomat calls on all of us to take back the rights that have slowly slipped away since the Second World War ended. With sales of this masterful polemic topping a million copies in France, and a bestseller in Germany, Italy, and Spain as well, Indignez-Vous! is proudly published as a unique bilingual edition in Australia and New Zealand by Scribe.
The Lingering Conflict
In The Lingering Conflict Itamar Rabinovich, a former chief negotiator for Israel, provides unique and authoritative insight into the prospects for genuine peace in the Middle East. His presentation includes a detailed insider account of the peace processes of 1992–96 and a frank dissection of the more dispiriting record since then. Rabinovich's firsthand experiences as a negotiator and as Israel's ambassador to the United States provide a valuable perspective from which to view the major players involved. Fresh analysis of ongoing situations in the region and the author's authoritative take on key figures such as Ehud Barak and Benjamin Netanyahu shed new light on the long and tumultuous history of Arab-Israeli relations. His book is a shrewd assessment of the past and current state of affairs in the Middle East, as well as a sober look at the prospects for a peaceful future. While Rabinovich explains the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians—a classic dispute between two national movements claiming the same land— The Lingering Conflict also considers the broader political, cultural, and increasingly religious conflict between the Jewish state and Arab nationalism. He approaches the troubled region in an international context, offering provocative analysis of America's evolving role and evaluation of its diplomatic performance. This book builds on the author's previous seminal work on geopolitics in the Middle East, particularly Waging Peace. As Rabinovich brings the Arab-Israeli conflict up to date, he widens the scope of his earlier insights into efforts to achieve normal, peaceful relations. And, of course, he takes full account of recent social and political tumult in the Middle East, discussing the Arab Spring uprisings—and the subsequent retaliation by dictators such as Syria's al-Asad and Libya's Qaddafi—in the context of Arab-Israeli relations.
Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza
Many in the United States and Israel believe that Hamas is nothing but a terrorist organization, and that its social sector serves merely to recruit new supporters for its violent agenda. Based on Sara Roy's extensive fieldwork in the Gaza Strip and West Bank during the critical period of the Oslo peace process, Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza shows how the social service activities sponsored by the Islamist group emphasized not political violence but rather community development and civic restoration. Roy demonstrates how Islamic social institutions in Gaza and the West Bank advocated a moderate approach to change that valued order and stability, not disorder and instability; were less dogmatically Islamic than is often assumed; and served people who had a range of political outlooks and no history of acting collectively in support of radical Islam. These institutions attempted to create civic communities, not religious congregations. They reflected a deep commitment to stimulate a social, cultural, and moral renewal of the Muslim community, one couched not only--or even primarily--in religious terms. Vividly illustrating Hamas's unrecognized potential for moderation, accommodation, and change, Hamas and Civil Society in Gaza also traces critical developments in Hamas's social and political sectors through the Second Intifada to today, and offers an assessment of the current, more adverse situation in the occupied territories. The Oslo period held great promise that has since been squandered. This book argues for more enlightened policies by the United States and Israel, ones that reflect Hamas's proven record of nonviolent community building. In a new afterword, Roy discusses how Hamas has been affected by changing regional dynamics and by recent economic and political events in Gaza, including failed attempts at reconciliation with Fatah.
The Forgotten Palestinians
For more than 60 years, hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have lived as Israeli citizens within the borders of the nation formed at the end of the 1948 conflict. Occupying a precarious middle ground between the Jewish citizens of Israel and the dispossessed Palestinians of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the Israeli Palestinians have developed an exceedingly complex relationship with the land they call home; however, in the innumerable discussions of the Israel-Palestine problem, their experiences are often overlooked and forgotten. In this book, historian Ilan Pappe examines how Israeli Palestinians have fared under Jewish rule and what their lives tell us about both Israel's attitude toward minorities and Palestinians' attitudes toward the Jewish state. Drawing upon significant archival and interview material, Pappe analyzes the Israeli state's policy towards its Palestinian citizens, finding discrimination in matters of housing, education, and civil rights. Rigorously researched yet highly readable, "The Forgotten Palestinians" brings a new and much-needed perspective to the Israel-Palestine debate.
In Their Own Words
This book presents the actual statements and writings of jihadis expressing their views on virtually every subject relevant to their cause. It is not about Islam as it is practiced in its many varieties in Muslim communities throughout the world, nor is it about Islamic fundamentalism or the various Islamist political movements. Rather, it is about a small group of Muslims who carry out and promote terrorism in the name of Islam. Because the jihadis' statements are often more appalling and more profoundly revealing than the accounts that have been written about jihadi terrorism, this book provides unfiltered access to a broad range of the stories, rationales, ideas, and arguments of jihadi terrorists and those who support them. Introductory and contextual material is also included, to provide the background and origins of what the jihadis are saying?to each other and to the world. It is hoped that this will provide greater insights into the motives, plans, and participants in jihadi terrorism, as well as the nature of the threat they pose. Not all of the quotations are from prominent jihadis. Some have been selected because they are representative, others because they are contradictory, and still others because they provide a unique insight into the jihadi mentality.